# What Does Money To Bitcoin Mean?

Let us say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone that took the problem of looking at both of the bills' serial numbers would observe that they were the exact same number, and consequently one of them had to be false.

That isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worthiness of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size should be increased to accommodate more information.

Note that I said that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will get paid off.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (although this is not in any way common) or several thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions take up.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of effort, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to reach the right answer to a numeric problem. This practice is also known as an evidence of work.

The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that's not true in any way. What they are actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") which is less than or equal to the hash.

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The bad news: Because it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there . To mine successfully, you need to get a high"hash rate," that is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you can mine along with your mining rig's hash pace, the website Cryptocompare offers a helpful calculator.

Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a low-cost method to cobble together mining operations. The photograph below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The cards are such rectangular blocks with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards to the metal rod.

ExampleI tell three friends that I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the specific number, they just have to be the very first person to figure any number that's less than or equal to the number I am thinking of.

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Let us say I am thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they shed because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they have both technically came at viable answers, since 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the goal answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers occur frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--that miner to honour. Typically, it's the miner that has done the work, i.e.

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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you likely noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand what these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."

As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it is base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.

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